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2002 Nobel Prize research in physics and chemistry to be discussed


UC Riverside scientists to discuss work of 2002 Nobel Prize research in physics and chemistry

November 25th colloquium open to the public

(November 21, 2002)

Image shows the Photo credit: FermiLab." height="189" width="200" />

Image shows the "ring of lights" that is evidence of neutrino activity in the first successful experiment on the MiniBooNE detector at FermiLab. The MiniBooNE project is closely related to Prof. Koshiba's work.
Photo credit: FermiLab.

RIVERSIDE, Calif. - Cosmic x-rays, neutrinos, and biological macromolecules are on the agenda for a science colloquium at the University of California, Riverside as chemists and physicists from the university give presentations about the research that garnered 2002 Nobel Prizes for scientists in the eastern United States, Japan and Switzerland. The event is free and open to the public.

The "2002 Nobel Prize Research in Physics and Chemistry" colloquium will take place at 7:10 p.m. on Monday, Nov. 25, 2002, in the Physics 2000 Lecture Hall on campus. The event will feature presentations of about 15 minutes each by four UC Riverside scientists who conduct research in the same field as those who received Nobel Prizes in chemistry and physics in early October this year.

The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences awarded one half of the Nobel Prize in Physics for 2002 to Raymond Davis, Jr., of the department of physics and astronomy at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa., and Masatoshi Koshiba of the International Center for Elementary Particle Physics at the University of Tokyo, Japan, "for pioneering contributions to astrophysics, in particular for the detection of cosmic neutrinos." The other half of the Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Riccardo Giacconi of Associated Universities, Inc., Washington, DC, "for pioneering contributions to astrophysics, which have led to the discovery of cosmic X-ray sources."

Dr. Koshiba was a Regents Professor at UC Riverside in 1988 and is a longtime friend of the department of physics.

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry for 2002 was awarded "for the development of methods for identification and structure analyses of biological macromolecules," with one half jointly to John B. Fenn of the Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Va., and Koichi Tanaka of Shimadzu Corp., Kyoto, Japan, "for their development of soft desorption ionization methods for mass spectrometric analyses of biological macromolecules." The other half of the prize was awarded to Kurt Wuthrich of the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland, and the Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA.

The current speaking schedule at the forum at UC Riverside is as follows:

§ Distinguished Professor of Physics Benjamin Shen on the research to detect neutrinos by Raymond Davis and Masatoshi Koshiba. Several UCR scientists, including Dr. Shen, are leaders in high-energy physics, working to provide evidence about the sub-atomic structure of the universe;

§ Professor of Chemistry Thomas Morton talking about the work of John Fenn and Koichi Tanaka, who developed ionization and desorption methods that made it possible for chemists to analyze biological macromolecules via mass spectroscopy. Dr. Morton uses various mass spectroscopy approaches to study the binding processes of biological molecules (see link to the Morton Research Group below);

§ Distinguished Professor of Chemistry and Department Chairman Dallas Rabenstein presenting on Kurt Würthrich's work to develop nuclear magnetic spectroscopy for determining the three-dimensional structures of biological macromolecules. Dr Rabenstein uses NMR spectroscopy in his work to analyze the chemical structures of peptides, red blood cells and other biological materials;

§ Chancellor France S. Córdova or Professor of Physics & Chair Allen Zych speaking on Riccardo Giacconi's research developing the telescopes used in space that are able to detect x-ray radiation emitted by the sun and other stars. Dr. Córdova, formerly a chief scientist at NASA, is the U.S. principal investigator of an x-ray instrumentation project currently in space. Dr. Zych's research areas are space physics and astrophysics, atmospheric and solar neutron sources, and celestial gamma-ray sources.

Maps and directions to the event are available at UCR information kiosks located at the University Avenue and the Canyon Crest Drive campus entrances. Maps and directions to UCR can be found on the university's web site at www.ucr.edu. Visitor parking costs up to $5 per vehicle for the evening or $1 per hour for self-parking in Parking Lot 10.

The University of California, Riverside (www.ucr.edu) is a doctoral research university, a living laboratory for groundbreaking exploration of issues critical to Inland Southern California, the state and communities around the world. Reflecting California's diverse culture, UCR's enrollment has exceeded 21,000 students. The campus opened a medical school in 2013 and has reached the heart of the Coachella Valley by way of the UCR Palm Desert Center. The campus has an annual statewide economic impact of more than $1 billion.

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